Mammoths and mastodons may have roamed the Earth together, but each animal represents two different branches of the Proboscidean family.
Mammoths belongs to the Mammuthus genus that first appeared roughly 5 million years ago in Africa and as time progressed they migrated up into Eurasia and then into North America. The most famous of all was Mammuthus primigenius (the Woolly Mammoth) which appeared ~250,000 years ago. Mammoths went extinct approximately 10,000 years ago. However, it's plausible that a population of dwarfs survived on an isolated island off the northeastern coast of Siberia until about 3,500 years ago. Mammoths and modern elephants are closely related and are a part of same family (Elephantidae). Mastodons, however, appeared much earlier -- about 30 million years ago. They primarily inhabited North and Central America and disappeared between 12,000-10,000 years ago.
-The two animals were similar in size and build, but mastodons were slightly smaller with shorter legs and lower, flatter skulls. -Mammoths had a hump on their backs that stored fats and nutrients reserved for harsher times. -The most noticeable difference were their teeth... Mastodons had cone-shaped cusps on the molars which were designed to crush leaves, twigs, and branches. Mammoths had ridged molars that allowed them to cut grass and graze like elephants do today.
This was the first pterosaur to be discovered in South America. Pterodaustro's jaws were long and narrow that curved upward in a bow-like shape. There were no teeth on the bottom jaw, but instead Pterodaustro possessed up to 500 elastic bristles. The top jaw perfectly fits within the bristles when the mouth is closed. Short blunt teeth also lined the upper jaw that could have been used to scrap food from the bristles and into the mouth.
Pterodaustro would've have fed upon tiny invertebrates much like flamingos today. It has even been suggested that Pterodaustro's hair-like filaments known as pycnofibres were pink in color -- an alteration in pigments due to their crustacean diet just like the plumage of a flamingo. However, this is mere speculation.
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One of the most distinctive of all hadrosaurs, Parasaurolophus was not only popular but it was also quite beautiful. The most stand-out feature on this dinosaur was its crest. This crest could've been used for display purposes to attract mates or maybe in order to recognize other individuals of the same species. The crest is also widely viewed to be used for auditory communication. The crest housed tubes that ran up the skull to the tip where they curved round and back down the skull. The calls produced by the throat travel through the passages where they are amplified by the crest so they are louder with a broader frequency. Each species would produce different calls thanks to their unique crests. Current Parasaurolophus species include: P. walkeri P. tubicen P. cyrtocristatus
Mummified remains of an 18-foot long dinosaur emerged from a mine in Canada. For the past five years researchers have spent over 7,000 hours chiseling away at the rock that encased the animal. There are no visible bones because the skeleton is covered with fossilized skin; even some gut content is still intact. It was a nodosaur that lived 110 million years ago. The death of this land-dwelling herbivore is still a mystery, but somehow it ended up at the bottom of an ancient sea which is why the animal is so well preserved.
The fossil was put on display at the Royal Tyrell Museum of Paleontology in Alberta, Canada.
Modern whales are amongst the largest animals to ever live on Earth. But where did these gigantic mammals come from? Well I'll tell you. Whales evolved from small terrestrial mammals that lived in the Eocene period such as Pakicetus. Pakicetus looked like the typical land animal and didn't have any whale-like features, however, their ears strongly resemble living whales and are unlike those of other mammals. Pakicetus is often regarded as the most basal whale.
As millions of years of evolution go by animals such as Ambulocetus appeared. They had shorter legs and larger, paddle-like feet. Recovered from sediments comprised of a prehistoric estuary as well as isotopes of oxygen in the bones are evidence for Ambulocetus' semi-aquatic lifestyle.
Beyond that more modernized whales showed higher levels of saltwater oxygen isotopes -- indicating ocean habitats. The nostrils gradually were positioned further back on the snout. This trend would continue into modern whales as "blowholes". As the aquatic whales continued to evolve their pelvis' reduced in size and separated from the spine. Dolphins and whales today have horizontal tail flukes and swim by undulating up and down (unlike fish who have vertical caudal fins and undulate side to side while swimming) -- revealing a terrestrial heritage. But evolution does not stop there. The front limbs transitioned into durable flippers used for steering and swimming and the hind legs slowly began to disappear. By around 40mya whales like Dorudon and Basilosaurus appeared and the puny reminiscent of hind limbs are still visible. These vestigial appendages are more evidence to support the whale's terrestrial ancestry.
Fun Fact: Hippos are the closest living relatives of whales, but they are not the ancestors!
Our planet currently consists of approximately ten million species of plants and animals and that number grows every single year as science discovers new ones. We think this is remarkable diversity, yet it is nothing compared to what existed before. We estimate that there have been five billion species on this planet since life began. That means for every five hundred species that ever existed on Earth only one remains today. Thus 99.8 percent of all species that had ever lived are extinct; and mass extinctions only account for a small percentage of that total. No species lasts forever.
As a follow-up to my previous blog, I'm trying something similar to the Featured Forum thread the moderators used to do at Gaming Lounge. But here, I'm not only linking to the forum, but also linking to some of the notable threads.
Since some of the above threads pertain to the Mario Kart series in general rather than just Mario Kart 8/Mario Kart 8 Deluxe, fans of the series who don't even have the game can always feel free to participate in them too.
So, do you guys have any feedback for this blog post?
Charnia is a genus of frond-like Ediacaran life form with segmented, leaf-like ridges branching alternatively to each side from a zig-zag medial structure. Charnia was an organism that grew on the ocean floor and could've fed on nutrients floating in the water. Despite its appearance it is not a plant nor alga because the fossil beds where Charnia specimens have been discovered demonstrate deep water -- where photosynthesis cannot occur.
Charnia was the first living organism discovered before the Cambrian period in 1958. There is also no life forms, still living today, that resemble Charnia and as of now there hasn't been any specimens discovered outside of the Ediacaran period. Thus, Charnia could represent an evolutionary dead-end.
Kosmoceratops richardsoni was a ceratopsian dinosaur (more specifically a chasmosaurine) discovered in 2010 in what is now known as Utah, United States. The name means "ornament horned face" and for good reason... The horns above the eyes are long and thin, but they project laterally and downward. The frill is relatively short and the size of the frill and fenestrae are quite different when compared to other chasmosaurines. Ten hook-like projections line the top of the frill; eight of these curve forward over the frill while the remaining two are located on either side. In total, there's 15 horns and horn-like structures on Kosmoceratops' skull -- which is alot even for a horned dinosaur.
I just posted my 10,000th post here on the site. Yay?
Actually, I probably posted my 10,000th post months ago, but with thread deletion and all it doesn't count. Ah well, no worries. What's next for me after 10k? I got my purple icons so what do I go for next? Black it appears at 15,000. I can get that...eventually. I give it about a year or a year and a half maybe. It all depends on how many mental breakdowns I get.
Actually, these icons are more grey now that I see the true black that gets unlocked at 20,000.
I said I'd make a Neoblog post when I hit 10K so here it is. Do I thank anyone? For what? Fueling my spamming? Nope!
If you look back about a month ago, I didn't think I was coming back so hitting 10K was probably never gonna happen. I guess I was wrong. Oh well. I've been wrong every single day of my life so that's nothing new.
Well, here's my blog post since last year. Anyway, I've been thinking lately, and I thought I would make a blog post about the game forums of Neoseeker, and their activity (or lack thereof).
Lately, I've actually been posting in game forums just about everyday, and I wanted to try and take this further by asking you guys to help, more or less. Two of my Neofriends Saku and Chimaira have both expressed interest in the game forums.
Of the games above, I'm planning to get Super Mario Odyssey, Splatoon 2, and Sonic Mania, with Mario Kart 8 Deluxe (I have the the Wii U version), ARMS and Lego City: Undercover being "maybes". I have been posting in a few of those forums.
I hope this is the way you post on blogs...anyway...
This year has been amazing for games! From consoles to PC, we have gotten a ton of great games, that also have a lot of pedigree behind them. But with this large influx of high budget, high time consumption tittles, the ones that hurt (well sort off) are the small games. Games that dont have a marketing budget, or the ones Youtubes and Streamers miss, since they where contracted by the big companies, or just...appear. So here are my "Games you might have missed" this year (so far...) (Yes i know the Extra Creditz guys have a show by the same name, but i could not come up with a name) (on the PC since i dont have a console)
Pictopix is a sort of knockoff of a popular handheld series of games called "Picross". Simply put its a puzzle game where you have a goal to fill in square grid, using number indicators, to make a pixel art style image. While no the original, the game is well polished and like the original, it is a fun waste of time in short bursts.
Rise & Shine
Rise & Shine is a simple 2D shooter. With a very old school difficulty, great comic visuals and a setting on a video game world (so there are tones of gaming references and jokes), this game is my personal fav of this year, and it pains me too see that it has gone mostly unknown since it came out so early in the year. This game gets my personal recommendation (for what that is worth).
FEBRUARY Hidden Folks
Hidden Folks is just charming. A "Find the character" style of game (similar to the where is Waldo/Wally books) is a pretty enjoyable time when you just want to relax a bit. Why is the game charming? All the environments are varied , hand drawn and get more and more complex, the folks are animated and all, ALL sound effect are done by one person mouth.
OK i admit this is just so that i can indulge. The is basically a ""Rampage" clone, but with a "Bedfellows" paint job. Bedfellows is a web series (having both comics and videos) of just assholes being assholes. And i just like Rampage OK.
River City Ransom: Underground
I might be stretching a bit, but this in my feed was barely mentioned, even though is terrific. A sequel to the classic. this is a surprisingly long beat 'em up"/ RPG fusion, that has quality in its mechanics and visuals. Overall this is one of the tittle that i just cant wait to get my hands on.
MARCH SENRAN KAGURA ESTIVAL VERSUS
I do enjoy some cheese from time to time, and the SENRAN KAGURA series is just that, They know that they are focusing on pervie demographic and they have fun with it, Stupid jokes, stupid 4th wall breaking, plenty of "Ops i guess i am "naked" now". But with the amount of fun the game has with this, its hard for me not to like. The game as a whole is a Samurai Warriors like game, but you play as ninja girls in skimpy outfits and skimpier magic girl outfit transformation. But again, this just too stupid at most part to be angry at.
Heroes in essence is hard platformer with 88 being the main theme. 88 levels, 88 seconds to complete the level and 88 characters, all with unique gameplay and style. Say you you die with the fighting game character on a level, no worries, the next character might be Snake, as in from the 2D game Snake and you play as you play snake. Meaning that there are no jumps anymore, but there are some other stuff you need to avoid. A nice idea.
Rivals of Aether
This is just a solid smash bros like game. Good gameplay,mechanics etc. Just a solid tittle.
And that is about all i got. There some other tittle that i saw, but they are in "Early Access" and i dont count thous. But hey if you also have a game that you feel is going under looked, please write about it. I am highly interested in finding hidden gems.