Death is often viewed as an eternal slumber, but a human can only imagine. But for the past 140,000,000 years this little dinosaur has been trapped in its sleep.
Mei long means "soundly sleeping dragon" and was a duck-sized troodontid. It was originally uncovered by paleontologists in Liaoing, China in 2004. But what really caught everyone's attention was that M. long died, undisturbed, in its sleep. The holotype, IVPP V12733, was a mere juvenile at the time of its death. This critter was only twenty-one inches in length, but was complete and well preserved in three-dimensional detail. The hind limbs were neatly folded below the body while the youngster's snout was comfortably nuzzled beneath one of the forelimbs. This sleeping position bares a striking resemblance to that of modern birds which strengthens the theory that birds are the descendants of maniraptoran dinosaurs. A second individual was unearthed, DNHM D2154, also appears to have died in its sleep.
Although the real question is just how did Mei die? Mark Norell, an American paleontologist who participated in discovering the original specimen believes that M. long could've been a victim of noxious gas such as carbon monoxide. This would explain why the dinosaur died undisturbed. Norell also speculates that M. long was buried quickly as a result of a nearby volcanic eruption since there is a lot of ash in the surrounding sediments.
Hello darkness my old friend I've come to post a bit again. Last time I logged in I was a kid...now here I am a real adult. I never imagined this place would ever have so much meaning to me but it does. I spent 6 years meeting people and annoying people in Loungin' and they were good times. Then I left for 6 years.. so half the time I've had this account I was a ghost.
Idk if yall will remember me but its me hamsterlove. Back from the dead. Living life as a 23 year old with an actual life and no attachment to fictional characters. Incredible right? I've really changed. Hard to believe I'm the hamsterlove who screamed about sonic characters and talked in all caps.
Honestly so much has changed that I don't know where to begin. If anyone remembers me please say hi!
I want to think out loud here for a moment. What I write here may or may not be true, but it is just how I feel.
With that out of the way, I want to analyze my failure as a moderator here.
My vision as a moderator is as this: one who leads a community in discussion by either creating events, threads, or games. The discipline and thread clean-up comes second.
What did I fail to do? I failed to lead a community. I am much better at finding duplicate threads or threads with no real quality and fixing them, but when it came to leading my forums, I failed.
When I first took the spot as Retro's co-mod, I feel like I was just helping Chimaira succeed in his already successful and popular run as mod there. It was really him who did the work. I just provided chat and support. While I could see my co-moding as a good idea, I sort of failed to live up to the expectations. I stepped down for two reasons, and one of them was that I felt like a lousy mod who couldn't really lead a community.
I was then re-promoted back to co-mod in Retro. I had time to think about my first failure and tried to take a new approach to things. I let allingo come up with the bulk of the ideas and I would try to be a sort of rally-man and get people to jump into his new ideas. It worked for a little, but I still felt like I was lacking. I tried to copy ideas from Jabba Overkill and Kaharius and Grayson, but I lost steam in that and didn't inspire others to really go for it either. Once again, I failed to lead a community so I demoted.
Lastly, and my biggest failure, was in Food & Cooking. I had a lot of good ideas and I thought with a temporary spot, I could see if they worked. I got a good amount of participants for cooking. I was actually starting to feel....happy with my leadership. Then, by the end of things, people started to get busy because of the holidays. Was it bad timing? Probably, but it was hard to drum up the initial success after the holidays too. Cooking is time consuming. I understand that. After a long day of work, the last thing you wanna do is write about what you had for dinner, especially if all you did was throw a Hungry Man in the oven. I was offered a permanent spot after my temp time was up, but I declined as I saw the cloud of inactivity looming and I didn't want to up and leave within a month. I figured the temp spot got me a good feel of what things would be in the future.
So, I failed. Three times. I think that's enough for me to understand that I'm not cut out for the mod business. It isn't like people think this way about me. Plenty of you guys have been supportive and said I did a fine job, but it isn't enough to convince myself. I feel like I'm a much better part of a mod's leadership than I am as the actual leader.
You may have already heard of it and its famous tooth-whorl, but how much do you really know? Helicoprion has an extended history of different and confusing reconstructions. And because of this, most of the public has an outdated view of Helicoprion. So let's fix that, shall we?
The story starts off when a fragmentary fossil, that resembled a circular saw, was discovered in 1899 by a Russian geologist of the name Alexander Petrovich Karpinsky. Karpinsky gave the animal which it belonged to the name Helicoprion meaning "spiral saw."
Though there seemed to be one little issue...this saw was detached from the rest of the body and Karpinsky had no way of knowing where it belonged! So the hypotheses began rolling in... At first, Karpinsky suggested that this saw started in the animal's mouth and curled upwards along with the snout in a tight curl. Charles Rochester Eastman, an American paleontologist, proposed another hypothesis in 1900. That hypothesis was that these "teeth" were actually spines located on the front of the dorsal fin on the shark's back and would have been used a possible defense mechanism. A couple of years go by and Karpinsky made another suggestion...that Helicoprion's saw could have been a part of its tail, dorsal fin, or even lower down on the fish's back.
Whatever the case, in the early days of Helicoprion reconstructions, most scientists agreed that this saw-like structure was used for some kind of defense. Jump ahead a couple of years and in 1950 another Helicoprion whorl was uncovered in the Waterloo Mine near Montpelier, Idaho. In 1966, sixteen years later, the fossil was finally described by Bendix-Almgreen. The bad news? The fossil had been greatly damaged, but the clearly visible 117 serrated teeth placed on a spiral with a diameter of 23 centimeters also contained some cartilage from the head and jaw of the animal. With that, the quest to find the whorl's proper placement was narrowed down to somewhere in the jaw region. However, the next handful of decades would still wield a wide variety of incorrect reconstructions. A few possibilites that researchers suggested in this time include: • The whorl was placed on the lower lip and curled underneath the chin. • The whorl was located within the center of the mouth where the tongue would be. • The whorl was located further back and closer to the throat.
But in 2013, with the help of modern technology this long lasting debate has finally been settled. The cartilage from the fossil found in Idaho in 1950 underwent a CT scan and when coupled with computer modelling a new reconstruction of Helicoprion was born. This one showed that Helicoprion's tooth whorl was placed inside a relatively short lower jaw. Similar to sharks, who have multiple rows of teeth that are continuously replaced, Helicoprion had a partially covered tooth system. The researchers go on to say: "Continual growth of the whorl pushes the tooth–root complex in a curved direction towards the front of the jaw, where it eventually spirals to form the base of the newest root material, and this process continues to form successive revolutions. At some time, prior to a complete 360 degree evolution of spiral growth, tooth crowns are concealed within tessellated cartilage on the upper jaw.”
Helicoprion also lacked teeth in its upper jaw. So when it came to feeding the researchers suggested that Helicoprion would close its mouth, causing the tooth-whorl to rotate backwards; slicing up its soft prey (such as small fish or cephalopods) and pushing them further back towards the throat.
At long last, the mystery of Helicoprion and the tooth-whorl has finally been solved. However, the story won't end here as one question may be answered, more questions are still in need of answers.
And here is another piece of information that maybe hard to swallow: Contrary to popular belief, Helicoprion wasn't really a shark! The skull cartilage of Helicoprion contained a specific double connection that is a trait of another group of cartilaginous fish called Euchondrocephali. Although the public may know them as ratfish or chimeras.
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Image credit goes to alphynix.tumblr.com The genus name Odobenocetops is a combination of both Greek and Latin. Greek odon meaning "tooth", and baino meaning "walk." While Latin cetus is "whale" and ops meaning "like", to form the complete meaning of the name: "A whale that seems to walk on its teeth." Plus, the name refers to the modern day walrus (Odobenus).
Odobenocetops was a relatively small whale, only reaching lengths of 3-4 meters. But the size is definitely not what makes Odobenocetops unique...no, they can thank their tusks for that. In one male specimen of O. leptodon the skull beared a 3.9 foot long tusk on the right side, but only a short 9.8 inch long tusk on the left. However, it is important to note that this is the only male O. leptodon skull known...so it is possible that this wasn't present in all males of this species. Some possible functions for these tusks could be that they were used by the males to fight for females, searching for food in the ocean bed, or even as a sensory organ like narwhals today.
Now, if you paid close attention to what you just read, you'll remember that I mentioned that the name Odobenocetops is a reference to modern walruses; let's explore that a bit. Walruses and Odobenocetops have a couple things in common, this is an example of covergent evolution. Much like a walrus, Odobenocetops had a pair of downward pointing tusks. Furthermore, Odobenocetops had a high vaulted palate (a.k.a. the roof of the mouth) -- another shared trait with the walrus. But why is this important? Because in today's world walruses primarily feed by sucking out the meat from the shells of mollusks by utilizing their tongues and arched mouths to form a vacuum. The presence of this vaulted mouth in Odobenocetops is evidence that they too were molluscivorous.
Been doing some sketches of new OC's due to my online one person rpg story actually gaining some momentum. I have two choices of paper. One is terrible grade sketchbook paper andnthe other is slightly better writing pad paper.Writing pads do have lines (she said, stating the obvious) and that can put off the observer of said art. Just wish more folk were not interested in franchises and were nto looking at orginalmcharacters/creatures and would give some feedback on how one could improve. Once Pokemon moves to the switch, the 3DS forums may become a sweeping desert, barren of life. Looks like my stay here may be rather short lived, despite having one heck of a hiatus since 2007. I hope there will be a niche in which I can still interact (albeit seldom due to current affairs being less interesting and i'm awkward interacting in threads i have no clue on) if not...I'm on my own.
This synaspid is an extinct genus of South African dicynodont; not a Pokémon! Bulbasaurus was not named after the famous pokémon Bulbasaur, but instead after its unusually bulbous nasal bosses. Other features that distinguish Bulbasaurus was its hook-like beak, extremely long tusks, and the absence of bossing on the prefrontal bones.
Spoiler: Photograph and Diagram of holotype skull
Bulbasaurus was described by Christian Kammerer and Smith in 2017. However, Kammerer noted that "if one wished to read between the lines concerning certain similarities, I wouldn't stop them" and later adding "similarities between this species and certain other squat, tusked quadrupeds may not be entirely coincidental." The full binomal name of this animal is Bulbasaurus phylloxyron which actually translates to "bulbous reptile" for the genus name and "leaf razor" for the species name...in reference to its herbivorous tusks of course! But is it just me or does that second name seem oddly similar to a specific Grass-type move??
This is sword_of_omens again (and not Cap). As I was passed up on the GL position, I demand you consider me for this opening immediately.
Loungin' needs to be ruled with an iron fist. Sadly, I do not have one as I am actually a sword. I do, however, have an indestructible alloy base which is arguably better than a fist. You ever see that movie about the guy with the iron fists? Yeah, it was terrible.
I don't know if you know this, but there's a secret base under Loungin'. In that base, Dracula sleeps. We all know about the Dracuseeker Crisis. If promoted to mod of Loungin', I will send out our strongest members (probably Kaharius ) to slay the monster. He doesn't belong in this world.
Lastly, do I need to bring this up again? Snarf_of_Omens is now in jail because I was passed up on GL. Next, it is gonna be that S Goroh guy or C Falcon.
Brontosaurus, the dinosaur that so many of us know and love, but ever since it was discovered there has been confusion...did it ever truly exist? The first Brontosaurus genus was named in 1879 by the well known paleontologist Othniel Charles Marsh. However, in 1903, another paleontologist by the name of Elmer Riggs pointed out that Brontosaurus was actually the same exact animal as Apatosaurus; another sauropod which Marsh also named just two years prior in 1877. According to the ICZN (International Code of Zoological Nomenclature) the oldest name has priority -- thus "Brontosaurus" was declared invalid.
The story doesn't stop there because one hundred and twelve years later, in 2015, an extensive study underwent in hopes of resurrecting the famous Brontosaurus. And they were successful. The 300-page document covered 477 different physical features from 81 sauropod specimens. This study was also conducted over a span of 5 years of research and multiple visits to fossil collections within Europe and the U.S. The main goal of this research was to better distinguish various species of diplodocid sauropods such as Diplodocus, Apatosaurus, and now Brontosaurus once again. The outcome of the study was that there are three currenly known species of Brontosaurus: B. excelsus (the original specimen), B. parvus, and B. yahnahpin.
Emanuel Tschopp and colleagues Octávio Mateus and Roger Benson published their findings on April 7th, 2015 here.
Diplodocidae are among the best known sauropod dinosaurs. Several species were described in the late 1800s or early 1900s from the Morrison Formation of North America. Since then, numerous additional specimens were recovered in the USA, Tanzania, Por...
Good afternoon, I am sword_of_omens and totally not Captain. No. This is Sword writing this.
I will be the greatest mod GL has ever seen. I have a three step plan on how I will bring glory to GL, all of which coincide with my awesome personality and creative mindset.
First, I am, by far, the most creative member on this site. Just look at my game Harambe's Keep in IRP. That game was so good that it even got that grump Captain to join. We all know that Captain hates fun and therefore would be a terrible mod for GL. Me, on the other hand, am all for fun and I create awesome stories. For GL, I have a vision to create such a game, only with video game worlds. On one instance, players could enter the great world of Mass Effect. On another, they could be shooting at zombies with Leon S. Kennedy.
Second, I am the smartest member on the site. My smarts will totally make me a great coder for any ambitious (yet stupid) project Captain has for GL. I am so smart, that I'm in the running for a Nobel Prize. You think uraniumoreo is just a guy here? No, I created an actual uranium Oreo, and let me tell you, it was not that tasty. All radioactive foods aside, I also have street smartz. See, I used a "z" there. It is a common mistake to spell "smartz" with a "s."
Third, and finally, I am related to the President. Which president? All of them. If you don't put me in charge of GL, I'm gonna tell the President to take you to jail. I'm already sending Snarf_of_Omens to jail.
In conclusion, I'm already ready to help haalyle with GL. Put me in, coach!