Alan G blogged
Dec 19, 17 6:52am

No more shopping left to do! Just need to wrap up those presents and get started with the food shopping. It is an endless process, only to be repeated next year!
EpicRaptorMan blogged
Dec 13, 17 9:03am

The year is 1991, and an outstanding discovery has been unfolded near Shell, Wyoming. The discovery is an Allosaurus fragilis and at 8 meters (26 feet) in length this individual is below average in terms of size; this one is a subadult approximately 87% grown. That's not all! At 95% complete, this specimen (MOR 693) is very well preserved and paleontologists will nickname this discovery "Big Al".

Analyzing the bones of Big Al it becomes quite obvious that he suffered from a hard, fast life.

At least 19 pathologies can be located across the animal's skeleton several of which showed osteomyelitis; a bone infection.
- Five ribs on the right side (3, 4, 5, 6, 14)
- Left ilium
- Right scapula
- Manus phalanx
- Gastralia
- Cervical vertebra
- Three Dorsal vertebrae
- Caudal vertebrae
- Chevron
- Two metatarsals
- Two pes phalanges
All of these injuries managed to heal, except for the broken toe on the right foot. This injury was on the 1st phalanx of the 3rd toe (the toe which beared the most weight) and would have caused extreme pain and forcing Big Al to limp. As time passed the toe injury failed to heal and became infected, being afflicted by an involucrum. Struggling to find food and water during the harsh dry season, Big Al would eventually collapse in a dry river bed.

This dry river bed would swiftly envelope Big Al's corpse with sand and mud. The well preserved bones on the left side of Big Al also indicates that he laid on his left side at the time of death.
There is little sign of any animals scavenging on Big Al's carcass, however, upon close inspection there is evidence that hundreds or even thousands of beetle larvae used his body for nourishment.
As Big Al's carcass laid in the barren stream bed, the scorching heat from the sun dried his muscles, tendons, and other soft tissues. His jaws opened, his head was pulled back, and his tail extended creating the well known "death pose".

It only took half a year of many flooding events to completely bury Big Al in sediment.

Image credit goes to Patriatyrannus on deviantart.

The discovery of Big Al made global news and in 2001 BBC released a follow-up special to the successful Walking with Dinosaurs titled The Ballad of Big Al featuring Big Al and the events of his life and death.
The Ballad of Big Al
Gamerdude97 blogged
Dec 11, 17 9:16am

So a few days ago I found a video in my youtube log that I didn't watch. I'm 100% certain that I didn't watch it and found it weird that it would randomly be in my log like that. When I checked out the video it turns out it's some absurdly weird hacker video that says "I have an X-Mas gift for you" in my home language. When I further decided to check out the comments on the video several other people from my country also commented that that particular video had randomly entered their log even though they didn't watch it either. That's so strange...
EpicRaptorMan blogged
Dec 10, 17 5:46am

This was a super predator of the late Devonian period. There are currently 10 separate species of Dunkleosteus with the largest species, D. terrelli, growing up to 6 meters (20 ft) in length and 1 ton in of the largest placoderms to ever exist.

Just looking at this animal and you can tell it was a monster, but add in some biomechanics and it becomes all the more scarier.

Using biomechanics, D. terrelli had a highly kinetic skull that was powered by a four-bar linkage mechanism. This four-bar linkage consisted of kinetic joints connecting the skull, thoracic shield, jaw depressor muscle, and inferognathal (lower jaw). Just like in all other four-bar linkages, there is a firm foundation (in this case being the thoracic shield) and three movable parts. The cranio-thoracic articulation attached the rear of the skull to the thoracic shield and the skull is rotated dorsally by the epaxial muscle, the jaw joint is pulled forward and the inferognathal rotates credit to its attachment to the thoracic shield.
By using computer models to stimulate skull motions and bite forces it shows that D. terrelli used this mechanism to increase jaw speed and power.

Speed: Within 20 milliseconds the jaws would swing open from a closed fast that the jaws created a suction; sucking the doomed prey deeper into the mouth. After 50-60ms the jaws would be slammed shut again. This feeding habit is called 'suction feeding' and can still be seen in some modern fish today.

Power: Dunkleosteus also had one of the strongest bites in history!! Computer simulations reveal that a large individual could generate a maximum bite force of 4,414N on the anterior fang and 5,363N on the posterior part of the blade.
These numbers greatly exceed those of all modern fish and most modern mammalian predators, including the Spotted hyena which is capable of cracking bones. Only super-sized alligators and dinosaurs excel in this category.

And what is the point of all of these adaptations? Well, the marine habitats that Dunkleosteus lived in also contained a vast array of placoderms, early sharks, arthropods, and ammonoids. All of these potential prey sources displayed some sort of protective armor, which Dunkleosteus had to break past to reach the edible flesh below.

Fun Fact: Only the armored head of Dunkleosteus is known, so paleontologists are uncertain as to what the rear portion looked like. However, they based their reconstructions off of a much smaller yet more complete placoderm, Coccosteus for aid.
EpicRaptorMan blogged
Dec 7, 17 5:41am

For a long time since their discovery, dinosaurs were depicted as dull and sluggish reptiles that dragged their tails through the dirt. And for centuries dinosaur footprints have been discovered, but what about tail tracks? Traces of tail drags are quite rare and for most of the drags that are found usually consist of temporary touchdowns (like when the animal rears up to reach higher foliage).

Ornithischia, one of the major clades of dinosaurs, had ossified tendons in the spine; particularly the tail. The ossified tendons stiffened the tails and would have improved locomotion. In turn, the tails were physically incapable of being dragged.
(Stiffened tail of a hadrosaur seen below).
onlygraphics blogged
Dec 1, 17 7:48pm

i'll be going back to my childhood home for the chrismas holidays, i haven't been back there since 1997 so hopefully this trip will be a good one.
EpicRaptorMan blogged
Dec 1, 17 6:01pm

Stegosaurus, was first named by Othniel Charles Marsh in 1887. Ever since its discovery the Stegosaurus was notorious for being utterly stupid.
(Below is an image showing the brain cavity of Stegosaurus (in red).

Soon, Marsh began studying endocasts, which are internal casts of a hollow object, and in this case was the skull of a Stegosaurus. By performing endocasts we can get some general information of the brain's size and shape as well as some specifics on the development of the senses such as vision and olfaction. After comparing the brain cavities of Stegosaurus and an alligator Marsh states:

Marsh then concludes that Stegosaurus had one of the smallest brains relative to any known land vertebrate.

It did not stop there. Marsh also performed an artificial endocast in plaster of the Stegosaurus' sacral cavity, which is located in the hip region. In many vertebrates the spinal cord is thicker where it sends off nerve branches to the forelimbs and hindlimbs, but for Stegosaurus this cavity was unusually large...estimated to be 20 times larger than the brain. Marsh then described the sacral cavity as a "posterior brain case" and "posterior nervous center"-- thus the "Butt Brain" myth was born.

(Above is a comparison of a white plaster cast of a stegosaur sacral cavity and a natural stone endocast of the brain cavity).
It is often thought that this "butt brain" would control the coordination of the hind legs and spiked tail. A few scientists have even gone as far to say this "brain" was used for digestion and reproduction. Alternatively, some speculate that in this space there would have been an organ that was like a radio repeater, speeding up the nerve impulses so that the tail can react quicker when the Stegosaurus was threatened (if only such organ existed). This is all speculated simply because the real brain seemed too small.
The idea of a second brain is silly and generally is not approved by most paleontologists.

But if it wasn't a second brain, then what was it? Well, present day birds, the descendants of some dinosaurs, also possess a large expansion in the spinal cord. Inside this space of a bird's hip was a glycogen body. Glycogen bodies store energy-rich glycogen in the hips. Maybe Stegosaurus had this too? What is frustrating is the fact that scientists don't really know what the glycogen body does...perhaps it helps with balance, or storage of nutrients for when times got rough, or something else.
If this space did house a glycogen body for Stegosaurus we don't even know what biological role it accomplished. One thing is certain, dinosaurs did not have butt brains.

Want to learn more about Stegosaurus? Then go here.
Elektrakosh blogged
Nov 29, 17 11:02am

A policeman pulled a female driver over and asked to see her license.
After looking it over, he said to her, “Ma'am, it stipulates here on your license that you should be wearing glasses.”
“Well, I have contacts,” the woman replied.
“Look ma'am, I don’t care who you know,” snapped the officer. “You’re getting a ticket.”.
Elektrakosh blogged
Nov 28, 17 8:59am

Kanto: Get given a starter pokemon and an empty pokedex to fill up by catching Pokemon from a Pokemon Professor
Yay, learning about Pokemon by catching and battling!
Rival is a smart ass and always one step ahead.
Team Rocket: We are gonna steal your Pokemon, make you spend all your pokedollars in our casinos and extort money at every opportunity!
Me: Hell no!
The trainer eventually battles the Team Rocket Kingpin, Giovanni in his Gym. He runs off. Wins the Pokemon league. Catches Mewtwo.

Johto: Get given a starter pokemon n empty pokedex to fill up by catching Pokemon.from a Pokemon Professor
Oo, more Pokemon to learn about!
Rival seems to hate the world, particularly dislikes the weak.
Remnants of Team Rocket: We're still gonna go catch and steal your pokemon and extort money only this time we're gonna call our boss on the radio tower so he'll come back while the radio waves force the Magikarp evolve!
Me: Oh no you won’t!
The trainer eventually puts Team Rocket’s scheme into deconstruction. Finds out that the rival is Giovanni’s son. He hates Team Rocket. Hrm.. so that’s what Rocket Boss was up to? Nah, that can’t be right. Wins the Pokemon league. Catches the ever roaming Legendaries, too.

Hoenn: Get given a starter pokemon n empty pokedex to fill up by catching Pokemon.from a Pokemon Professor
Oo, more Pokemon to learn about again.
Rival is a nice guy and Wally got a shiny Ralts! Well, there goes my chance of finding one.
Team Magma: We’re gonna summon Groudon so it’ll make more land for us and pokemon to live on!
Team Aqua: We’re gonna expand the sea so the pokemon who dwell there can enjoy more room!
Me: Wait, have you thought this through? I mean, seriously tampering with the environment is really, really bad idea. No, really.
The Teams are defeated but summon the Legendary Pokemon anyway and all hell breaks loose.
Me: For the love of Lord Helix!
The trainer eventually stops the chaos by catching the offending Pokemon. No more bad weather. Wins another Pokemon league. Good times.

Sinnoh: Get given a starter pokemon n empty pokedex to fill up by catching Pokemon.
Oo, more Pokemon, eh? Nice.
Rival is uhm... yeah. Barry? Could also be your alter ego in the game.
Team Galactic: We want to recreate the entire Pokemon Universe!
Me: That’s... A little drastic, isn’t it?
The team get thwarted, however Cyrus has other plans.
Cyrus: The human heart is weak! Screw you world, I’m going to remake the universe so there shall be no emotion. It will be perfect!
He summons both Palkia and Dialga using red chains. Giratina pops up and spirits Cyrus away.
Me: This guy sure knows how to bring it down upon himself.
With the help of Cynthia, the trainer goes to the Distortion world captures Giratina and meets up with Cyrus which seems to like it there. Went home, beat the Pokemon League. Nice.

Unova: Get given a starter pokemon n empty pokedex to fill up by catching Pokemon.
Oo, more Pokemon, eh? Nice.
Rival is N? Cheren and Bianca?
Team Plasma: We shall liberate all the pokemon! We will steal them if we have to!
Me: Isn’t thieving pokemon sort of Team Rocket’s bag?
Team Rocket: Oi! Pokemon theft is our plan! Get your own plans, you fakers!
Me: I thought so. Anyway Plasma, you are not getting my team.
Random encounters with Plasma grunts and the rest of the hierarchy are hunted down. Blast that Team Plasma! N is defeated
Ghetsis: That boy is a freak and a failure!
Me: Bloody hell, mate. No need to be like that. I defeated him because he wanted me to throw away my team.
Ghetis: Actually, I exploited the team so I’ll be the only one with Pokémon because I am perfect!
Me: You’re not! Plus you’re not exactly the winner of “Father of the year” award neither.
The trainer beats seven shades of uh,... manure out of Ghetsis’ team. Also gets the chance to catch Zekrom. Happily skips off and defeats the champions at the Pokemon League.

Kalos: Get given a starter pokemon and empty pokedex from Trevor to fill up by catching Pokemon.
Oo, more Pokemon, Good galloping Arceus! How many of them are there now?
Rival: Tierno, Shauna, Calem, Trevor?
Team Flare: We are going to make a better, more beautiful world...
Me: That’s nice. Makes a refreshing change from all that exploiting, stealing and general bullying that most teams go for.
Team Flare: And make money while doing it!
Me: Oh...kay. I suspect that’ll be tough...

The trainer meets up with the Professor who introduces you the Tall red haired guy

Professor Sycamore: Here’s one of the trainers endeavouring to fill the pokedex
Lysandre: Ooh look one of the Chosen Ones have arrived. I'm Lysandre. It is good to see trainers striving to achieve their goals. Oh look you have a Holocaster.
Me: Wow, thanks you are really kind guy. (Although for some reason his whole appearence screams that he could be sort of....villiainous.)

Team Flare are seen attempting to steal fossils, electricity and pokeballs. They are also thwarted. Trainer helps an Abomasnow who was harrassed by more Team Flare members
The trainers find out that Team Flare are not the good guys they say they are. The trainer is eventually contacted by Lysandre.
Lysandre: I shall use the ultimate weapon and erase all life from the world! I’m going to fire the weapon and drop a giant laser beam on all of your heads! The chosen ones will be spared so, you know, for continuation of human life in a less populated, better and more beautiful world.
Me: I really liked you right up until you said that you want to drop a giant laser beam on my head. You’re going down!

Trainer defeats Lysandre once in the Labs then having to choose a button for the “Chosen one” test, in the Team Flare Secret HQ which was a big fat lie. Bloody Xerosic!
Battled and caught a nifty Xerneas in the Secret HQ it was linked to the weapon!
Battled and defeated a pimped out Lysandre who threw down those cool shades in a rage.
*Lysandre: I had given people all the things that they need to help themselves.. .But they just want more and more resorting to theft! People and their entitlement!...
Trainers attempt to reason with him, he decides in his wisdom that everyone shall share the same fate and fires the weapon which resulted in many a fouling of britches and people scarpering. Weapon fired upon itself burying Lysandre.
So in X he said that you would live forever. So basically he had buried himself alive for all eternity? That has to hurt. Poor guy.
Anyway crisis averted, time to go defeat the Pokemon League. The trainer did so.

*I think that this was glossed over somewhere in game. Can't rightly remember if it was mentioned but I got the impression.
EpicRaptorMan blogged
Nov 28, 17 12:50am

The debate on whether or not Tyrannosaurus was an active predator or a scavenger has been going on for a century now!

Predator Theory:
·The cranial orbits of Tyrannosaurus faced forward and gave the animal bionuclar vision, much like a modern lion or human. A scavenger, on the other hand, would not need such advanced depth perception.
·Tyrannosaurus was also equipped with powerful jaws and serrated teeth.
·Due to the long and robust legs, some paleontologists believe that T. rex could run at speeds of 30 mph. However, more recent studies put the average adults of a speed around 18 mph.

Scavenger Theory:
·Some scientists believe that Tyrannosaurus was quite slow and incapable of chasing down prey.
·Famous paleontologist, Jack Horner, who is in favor of the Scavenger Theory says that the eyes of T. rex were too small to spot distant prey.
·The arms are too small and too weak and were useless for hunting.
·The olfactory chamber was also highly advanced and would grant the T. rex the ability to smell carcasses from miles away.

However, many scientists agree that Tyrannosaurus was both a predator and a scavenger. For example, modern day lions are known to actively hunt, but they are also known to steal carcasses from hyenas or scavenge when the opportunity presents itself.

In favor of the Predator Theory, in 2013, a hadrosaur tail was discovered in South Dakota and interestingly enough had a four centimeter-long Tyrannosaurus tooth embedded within. What makes this discovery stand out is the presence of healed bone that grew around the tooth; fusing the vertebrae together. But what does this mean? This means that this hadrosaur escaped the attack and lived on for months or even years!

Even with this evidence, it still doesn't end the long-lasting debate. So what are your thoughts? Is Tyrannosaurus a predator or a scavenger?
EpicRaptorMan blogged
Nov 23, 17 4:40am

A prehistoric flying squirrel? Well, not quite.
This is none other than Volaticotherium antiquum, a gliding mammal of the Jurassic period.
Volaticotherium was no flying squirrel, but it did possess a gliding membrane. This membrane extended between the limbs and then to the base of the tail as well as the fingers.
This gliding mammal also had a couple other adaptions that allowed it to be so successful: A flattened tail to increase air flow and proportionally longer limbs (a trait many flying/gliding animals share). Being an arboreal, or tree-dwelling, mammal the toes of Volaticotherium were designed for grasping...the hands on the other hand were poorly preserved.

Volaticotherium's teeth were also unique. Long, backward curving cusps and lengthy canines implies a carnivorous diet, but being as small as it was, Volaticotherium probably only ate insects.
Elektrakosh blogged
Nov 16, 17 9:47am

A priest books into a hotel. At reception, he asks if the porn channel is disabled.
The receptionist looks at him in disgust and says "No, its just regular porn you sick bast*rd!"
Dantess26 blogged
Nov 12, 17 9:36am

Gaming is my life. I live games, breathe games and sleep games (and eat and drink them too, for good measure!). Been playing them since i can remember, and have put so many hours of them into my young life!

My passion is gaming and making games but I'm interested in ALL things design. If you haven't figured it out by now- Games are my passion.

But honestly I'm passionate about anything creative or mind-expanding - I'm VERY passionate about music (any progressive music, electronic/ambient/downtempo, KScope music label) and I even worked at a record company at one point. I love photography, poetry, reading (non-fiction or fiction), science and cinematography.

A massive thanks to:
  • The guys in the Dynasty Warriors threads, you know who you are (quick shout-out to Gotenks and Captain ). My favourite place to hang out on Neoseeker nowadays!
  • My boys on the Playstation network, my "clan". 4HM for life!
Elektrakosh blogged
Nov 12, 17 10:33am

So somehow I had finished the post game (luckily my dream did not spoil that for me) but there was a new feature unlocked involving Pokemon Amie only with the villainous bosses. WTF, right? So I click on a Giovanni icon and the first one in 'the team' was Cyrus. In order to make this little ball of no emotion tolerate you, was to feed him when hungry and leave it at that.
Swapping to another which was Lysandre was to feed, show him how much you have progressed and if you had progressed further that last time you fed him he'd get happier.
Depending on which game you got (I had Ultra Sun) Maxie was next and you fed him and had to do an Battle Archie mini game and depending on the outcome he'd get happy if you got more points each time you tended to him.
Next was Ghetsis you fed him and there was two minigames for this one. First one was "Kill N" in which you had to build an elaborate trap for the boy to step into. The most brutal would make him happy. The other was tending to him more that Giovanni so he would become stronger and overthrow the Rocket boss.
The last one was Giovanni and to make him a happy boss was to go collect the strongest pokemon and give them to him. So in effect if you made several high levelled teams and gave those teams to him he'd be your bestie and made you an honourary Rainbow Rocket Admin when fully happy. Your trainer would get the outfits and hair styles of all the organisations if you made them all happy as a reward plus some people in game would comment on your appearence when dressed up.

Yep I'm messed up and I'm sure I've missed one or two out. Pity this was not real.
Elektrakosh blogged
Nov 6, 17 8:20am

An old couple celebrates their 50th wedding anniversary in their home.
"Just think," the old man says, "we were sitting here at this same breakfast table, naked as jaybirds, 50 years ago."
"Well," the old lady snickers, "what do you say -- should we get naked?"

The two immediately strip to the buff and sit back down at the table. "You know, honey," the little old lady says slyly, "My breasts burn for you now as they did 50 years ago."
"I'm not surprised," replies the old man. "One's in your coffee and the other is in your oatmeal!"
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